Qualche cenno sull'argomento:
The Regional Natural Park of Molentargius – Saline is located in the south of Sardinia, near
Cagliari and Quartu Sant’Elena, two of the biggest Sardinian cities, estimating a population of around 400,000 people. Thanks to the number of different bird species, in 1977 this site was acknowledged as a wetland of international value by the Ramsar Convention. This area includes freshwater ponds (Bellarosa, Minore and Perdalonga), saltwater basins (Bellarosa Maggiore or Molentargius, costal lagoons comprising Quartu’s pond) and a sandy plain called Is Arenas.
The presence of different areas with diverse salinity degrees facilitates the life of numerous animals and plants. As a matter of fact, Molentargius ecosystem represents one of the most important sites in Europe for the rest, wintering and nesting of many species of aquatic birds. Moreover, flora is various and heterogeneous: there are native species and plants enlisted in the Red List of endangered species.
Reaching the park offices, you will go through the Città del Sale della Palma, built in the last 20 years of 1900. Along the entrance road to the Parco and the Saline, the plant for high quality salts was built around the 1930s and used to refine salt for food use. The building has been recently restored and is now used as the park direction office. The park also hosts several artefacts of historical interest from fortifications and the defensive system Fronte Terra di Cagliari, dating back to the war period 1940-1943, and including the stronghold Caposaldo XV, constituted of a pillbox camouflaged as a tower or tank, and Caposaldo XVI Augusta, concealed as building.
The well-known zoologist Helmar Schenk, who died in 2012, was one of the most important scholars to study Molentargius-Saline ecosystem.